Fluency

Word Clouds

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Dec. 10, 2018, 8:54 a.m.

A word cloud is an image composed of words or phrases. Individually or as a team, students create an image in which the size of each word or phrase indicates its importance to the overall meaning of the topic or text. Word clouds can be created for concepts, characters, events, and themes across content areas.


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Karaoke in the Classroom

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Oct. 4, 2018, 9:44 a.m.

One of my favorite strategies for building fluency is using karaoke in the classroom! Youtube offers all the karaoke songs you could want for FREE!

When students participate in karaoke they are practicing reading from left to right, seeing sight words in addition to higher level vocabulary, and improving their rate. All while having a blast.


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End-of-Year Reading & Writing Activities

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • May 4, 2018, 2:46 p.m.

The end of the year is upon us. Just in case you are running out of steam, here are some ideas for May/June to keep students engaged in reading and writing.

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April: Poetry Month

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • April 10, 2018, 11:45 a.m.

Let's celebrate this month by reading a poem-a-day to our students. Hearing the rich language and imagining the vivid images described in poems develops schema and extends vocabulary. Here are a few ways to enjoy poems this month.

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Setting up a Summer Read Box

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • June 4, 2017, 3:51 p.m.

Summer is a great time to set up a Read Box for your classroom. Make it a goal to record a couple of books (or chapters) each week. Here is how to make a recording with the a QR code.

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5 Ways to Prevent Reading Loss

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • June 3, 2017, 3:50 p.m.

Summer is a much needed break for both teachers and students, but it can be a time of academic loss, too. Just like athletes who take an extended break from using muscles and skills, students who do not read over the summer will regress in fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary. Here are 5 ways teachers and parents can prevent reading loss.

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Fluency Techniques

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • May 7, 2017, 3:48 p.m.

Each day, fluent reading is being practiced. Here are some fluency techniques to help your students read with prosody and for meaning during your shared reading time.

Echo Reading

Echo reading is "I read you, then you repeat read". This is an easy reading confidence builder.

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Shared Reading in the Balanced Literacy Classroom

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • May 7, 2017, 3:46 p.m.

Shared reading is a dynamic practicing strategy for all students learning how to understand the meanings of texts. Using short texts that can be read in five to ten minute practice sessions, teachers can read with students to scaffold practice in thinking within, beyond, and about a text.

This guided practice technique helps readers understand and apply good reader thinking and fluent, meaning-making reading. The teacher's role is to model and closely monitor student thinking and oral reading. Teachers should gradually release the thinking to students as they practice the mental processes for efficient reading. Texts should be read several times for specific purposes.

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The Power of Readers' Theater

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • April 10, 2017, 3:45 p.m.

Readers' Theater is a great tool to use year round, but ESPECIALLY this time of year! Students are in the midst of reviewing and practicing for end of year assessments. They may need ways to boost their fluency and comprehension. Reader's theater is an instructional strategy that does both!

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Parent Tip: Closed Caption

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Jan. 4, 2017, 3:51 p.m.

One of the best ways to get your young children reading is to turn on the closed caption setting on your TV's.

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Rounding Up the Rhyme Activity (Cunningham)

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Nov. 4, 2016, 4:45 p.m.

Rounding Up the Rhyme is a great phonics activity to use in the primary grades. Patricia Cunningham developed this activity to be used during the Working on Words time in your classroom. Here are the six easy steps to implementing this activity in your classroom!

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Guided Reading is All About...

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Nov. 6, 2015, 3:25 p.m.

COMPREHENSION! Yes, guided reading is all about practicing comprehension skills and strategies. In guided reading groups, teachers provide students with closely monitored practice as students begin to apply newly learned meta-cognitive strategies. Guided reading is often called "leveled reading" because students should be practicing using a text in which they know at least 90% or more of the words. Because we want to focus on applying critical comprehension skills before, during, and after reading, the text must be one that does not require a lot of attention to figuring out words.

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A Flipped Lesson for Teaching Fluency

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Nov. 17, 2014, 3:19 p.m.

Using Educreations to Flip a Lesson on Fluency

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A Look at Fluent Reading

  • by Kelly Harmon & Randi Anderson
  • Sept. 17, 2010, 5:46 p.m.

Fluency is so much more than a number you get when you do a fluency probe. In fact, the number of words correct per minute relates to the reading rate and proficient readers adjust that rate based on the purpose of the reading.

So what is fluency? Proficient readers demonstrate prosody, which is expression and phrasing of the text, as well as accuracy and reading rate. All four criteria should be considered when gauging a student’s fluent reading behaviors.

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